Costa Rica borders the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, Nicaragua and Panama. It has nearly 800 miles of coastline, 132 miles on the Caribbean coast and 631 miles on the Pacific coast.
Costa Rica is also comprised of several islands.Cocos Island (9.3 square miles) is relevant because of its distance from the continental landmass, 300 mi. Calero Island is the largest island of the country (58.5 square miles). Over 25% of Costa Rica’s national territory is protected by SINAC (the National System of Conservation Areas), which oversees all of the country’s protected areas. Costa Rica also possesses the greatest density of species in the world.
There are 14 known volcanoes in Costa Rica, six of them active in the last 75 years. Costa Rica also experiences earthquakes with 10 of them at a magnitude of 5.7 or higher in the last 100 years.